Willie Mae Goodman decided to send her daughter Marguerite to the Willowbrook State School when Marguerite was four years old.
This mural of Evelina López Antonetty was painted by graffiti artist group Tats Cru in 2011.
Judith (Judy) Heumann was one of tens of thousands of children who contracted polio during outbreaks in the late 1940s and early 1950s and became physically disabled.
Puerto Ricans became citizens of the United States in 1917, as part of the US’s claiming control of the island.
In early 1979, the Board of Education decided to change the rules for private bus operators in a way that would have lowered wages for many drivers.
Many major changes in education have come through federal legislation.
Marguerite Goodman lived at the Gouverneur Hospital in lower Manhattan.
In 1970, about one quarter of all New York City public school students were Puerto Rican.
Like many Puerto Rican parents in the South Bronx, Evelina López Antonetty was frustrated that so many Spanish-speaking children were not learning to read.
In 1969, parents in the South Bronx were concerned about what their children ate at school.
The 1965 boycott targeted segregation in New York City’s junior high schools and “600” schools.
In the fall of 1964, months after the massive February 1964 boycott, Reverend Milton Galamison and the Citywide Committee on Integration launched another boycott.
Reverend Milton Galamison was the pastor of Siloam Presbyterian Church in Bedford-Stuyvesant, Brooklyn, and a key figure in the struggle to desegregate New York City’s schools.
In this op-ed, Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.
On March 12, 1964 - between the first 1964 pro-integration boycott and the second - a group of white parents calling themselves “Parents and Taxpayers” led a march from the Board of Education building in Brooklyn to City Hall in Manhattan.
After the massive turnout for the February 3, 1964 boycott, there was little response from the Board of Education.
Concern about school segregation was not only expressed during the school boycott.
During the February 3, 1964 boycott, there was a rally at City Hall.
On February 3, 1964, an estimated 464,400 students - almost half the city’s enrollment - boycotted New York City’s segregated school system.
Here a black newspaper, the Amsterdam News, reflects on how others spoke about the February 3 boycott both before and after it happened.