Willie Mae Goodman decided to send her daughter Marguerite to the Willowbrook State School when Marguerite was four years old.
Judith (Judy) Heumann was one of tens of thousands of children who contracted polio during outbreaks in the late 1940s and early 1950s and became physically disabled.
After Camp Jened closed in 1977, many former campers stayed connected to one another.
Mrs. Willie Mae Goodman heard many people speak of her daughter’s death.
In early 1979, the Board of Education decided to change the rules for private bus operators in a way that would have lowered wages for many drivers.
Marguerite Goodman lived at the Gouverneur Hospital in lower Manhattan.
As institutions became more widespread, more parents sent their children with intellectual and developmental disabilities away, hoping they would be rehabilitated and come home.
The late 1960s and early 1970s saw campus activism around the United States, for social change and against the Vietnam War.
Bayard Rustin was born in West Chester, Pennsylvania, on March 12, 1912.
Located near the town of Hunter, New York, in the Catskill Mountains (a few hours from New York City), Camp Jened was unusual at the time for its focus on disabled campers.
The grounds of Camp Jened included a river, a lake with a dock for boating and places to row, swimming facilities, and a stream that was great for fishing.
Camp Jened was a private camp, and it charged campers’ families for attendance.
For Camp Jened to be accessible to disabled children and adults, staff and counselors had to work well with campers.
Camp Jened was located in the northern Catskills, on over 250 acres (which is about ⅓ the size of Central Park, or as big as 250 football fields) with 22 buildings near the town of Hunter, New York.
Polio was a mass-disabling event that spanned nearly 50 years between the time the virus appeared in 1908 to the discovery of a vaccine in 1955.
At the beginning of the 20th century, New York City required more and more students to attend school and prohibited them from working.
Special education classes for children with intellectual disabilities were pioneered in New York City by a social welfare reformer, Elizabeth Farrell.