Willie Mae Goodman decided to send her daughter Marguerite to the Willowbrook State School when Marguerite was four years old.
As Denise Oliver describes in this video, women involved in the civil rights movement faced sexism within their organizations, even when those organizations said they were committed to liberation and freedom.
This mural of Evelina López Antonetty was painted by graffiti artist group Tats Cru in 2011.
By the 1980s, Audre Lorde was working full-time as a writer.
Mrs. Willie Mae Goodman heard many people speak of her daughter’s death.
Marguerite Goodman lived at the Gouverneur Hospital in lower Manhattan.
In 1970, about one quarter of all New York City public school students were Puerto Rican.
Palante was a self-published newspaper in which the various branches of the Young Lords Party highlighted important issues in their communities.
Born in 1948, Iris Morales was the child of Puerto Rican migrants to New York.
Denise Oliver, born in Brooklyn in 1947, grew up in Queens.
Like many Puerto Rican parents in the South Bronx, Evelina López Antonetty was frustrated that so many Spanish-speaking children were not learning to read.
In 1969, parents in the South Bronx were concerned about what their children ate at school.
Student protesters at City College (CCNY) explained why they organized a strike on their campus and what changes they wanted to achieve.
Although City College, where Audre Lorde taught, was in the predominantly Black and Latinx community of Harlem, there were very few Black or Latinx students who attended.
In the summer of 1964, the New York City Board of Education issued a very modest plan for desegregation.
On March 12, 1964 - between the first 1964 pro-integration boycott and the second - a group of white parents calling themselves “Parents and Taxpayers” led a march from the Board of Education building in Brooklyn to City Hall in Manhattan.
On February 3, 1964, an estimated 464,400 students - almost half the city’s enrollment - boycotted New York City’s segregated school system.
Five years after the 1954 Brown v. Board of Education decision, the New York City Board of Education announced a plan to desegregate a few schools in Brooklyn and Queens.
During the “Harlem Nine”’s struggle to integrate schools in New York City, multiple newspapers, including the New York Times and Amsterdam News, published photographs of Mae Mallory with her daughter Patricia.
In 1958, one year after nine Black students made national and international news when they desegregated Little Rock Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas, desegregation activists in Harlem organized their own protest.