As institutions became more widespread, more parents sent their children with intellectual and developmental disabilities away, hoping they would be rehabilitated and come home.
institutionalization of Disabled people and people labeled disabled
At the beginning of the 20th century, New York City required more and more students to attend school and prohibited them from working.
Special education classes for children with intellectual disabilities were pioneered in New York City by a social welfare reformer, Elizabeth Farrell.
In the 1830s, the City purchased Randall’s Island to use as a remote burial ground for the poor and an almshouse.
Edouard Séguin learned how to teach children with intellectual disabilities when he lived in France.
Many blind people lived in dire conditions in the city almshouse for the poor, because they were not able to support themselves and had no other place to go.