As Denise Oliver describes in this video, women involved in the civil rights movement faced sexism within their organizations, even when those organizations said they were committed to liberation and freedom.
This mural of Evelina López Antonetty was painted by graffiti artist group Tats Cru in 2011.
Puerto Ricans became citizens of the United States in 1917, as part of the US’s claiming control of the island.
In 1970, about one quarter of all New York City public school students were Puerto Rican.
Palante was a self-published newspaper in which the various branches of the Young Lords Party highlighted important issues in their communities.
Born in 1948, Iris Morales was the child of Puerto Rican migrants to New York.
Denise Oliver, born in Brooklyn in 1947, grew up in Queens.
Like many Puerto Rican parents in the South Bronx, Evelina López Antonetty was frustrated that so many Spanish-speaking children were not learning to read.
In 1969, parents in the South Bronx were concerned about what their children ate at school.
Student protesters at City College (CCNY) explained why they organized a strike on their campus and what changes they wanted to achieve.
Organizing in the early 1960s by the Citywide Committee on Integration and by Reverend Milton Galamison had increased public attention to the “600” schools.
The 1965 boycott targeted segregation in New York City’s junior high schools and “600” schools.
In the fall of 1964, months after the massive February 1964 boycott, Reverend Milton Galamison and the Citywide Committee on Integration launched another boycott.
Concern about school segregation was not only expressed during the school boycott.
In late 1963, The Amsterdam News reported on allegations that teachers and administrators at PS 614 in Brooklyn, one of the city’s “600” schools.
Italian immigrant Leonard Covello was the principal of East Harlem’s Benjamin Franklin High School, an all-boys school.
In the 1930s and 1940s, Benjamin Franklin High School was a dynamic place.
Benjamin Franklin High School students came together in clubs that celebrated their cultural identities, like Club Borinquen and clubs focused on Italian-American culture.
On March 19, 1935, rumors spread through Harlem that police had beaten a young man to death after they arrested him for allegedly stealing a knife from a local store.