As Denise Oliver describes in this video, women involved in the civil rights movement faced sexism within their organizations, even when those organizations said they were committed to liberation and freedom.
The late 1960s and early 1970s saw campus activism around the United States, for social change and against the Vietnam War.
Palante was a self-published newspaper in which the various branches of the Young Lords Party highlighted important issues in their communities.
Born in 1948, Iris Morales was the child of Puerto Rican migrants to New York.
Denise Oliver, born in Brooklyn in 1947, grew up in Queens.
Like many Puerto Rican parents in the South Bronx, Evelina López Antonetty was frustrated that so many Spanish-speaking children were not learning to read.
Student protesters at City College (CCNY) explained why they organized a strike on their campus and what changes they wanted to achieve.
Bayard Rustin was born in West Chester, Pennsylvania, on March 12, 1912.
Although City College, where Audre Lorde taught, was in the predominantly Black and Latinx community of Harlem, there were very few Black or Latinx students who attended.
Not all New York City school boycotters wanted integration.
The Black Panther Party’s Harlem Branch, founded in 1966, defined Black Power as “having the right to self-determination or the power to decide what should go down in our community,” and “being the decision makers, the policy makers.
The 1965 boycott targeted segregation in New York City’s junior high schools and “600” schools.
In the fall of 1964, months after the massive February 1964 boycott, Reverend Milton Galamison and the Citywide Committee on Integration launched another boycott.
Reverend Milton Galamison was the pastor of Siloam Presbyterian Church in Bedford-Stuyvesant, Brooklyn, and a key figure in the struggle to desegregate New York City’s schools.
In this op-ed, Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.
After the massive turnout for the February 3, 1964 boycott, there was little response from the Board of Education.
Concern about school segregation was not only expressed during the school boycott.
During the February 3, 1964 boycott, there was a rally at City Hall.
On February 3, 1964, an estimated 464,400 students - almost half the city’s enrollment - boycotted New York City’s segregated school system.
On the day of the February 3 boycott, some participants gathered at the headquarters of the New York City Board of Education at 110 Livingston Street in Brooklyn, where they marched and picketed.